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* bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug
@ 2020-07-28  9:38 Prafulla Giri
  2020-07-29 15:04 ` bug#42574: Permanent Records Prafulla Giri
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Prafulla Giri @ 2020-07-28  9:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: 42574

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Esteemed Maintainers,

I am quite positive that what I am experiencing is not quite a bug but just
some mis-step on my part. But I have been encouraged to report this as a
possible bug. Thus, here it is.

Context:
Guile version: 3.0.2 (installed using guix)
Loaded Files: simply.scm (
https://github.com/hosoe-masaki/SimplyScheme/blob/master/simply.scm)
Reverse function (referred to in the report, assumes 'simply.scm' has been
loaded):
(define (reverse wd) (if (equal? wd "") "" (word (reverse (bf wd)) (first
wd))))
;; (reverse 'asdf) -> 'fdsa

This started with my first wanting to run a (trace) of a recursive
procedure as seen in Chapter 13 of the book 'Simply Scheme' (
https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~bh/ssch13/convince-recur.html). I looked
for a waay to (trace) in guile, but couldn't find anything except ,trace,
which was giving a trace of everything that the function (reverse) called
from inside of it, thus making the trace 'polluted'.

I then looked around and found that a (trace) function, much like the one
being demonstrated in the book used to exist once in guile:
https://www.gnu.org/software/guile/docs/docs-1.8/guile-ref/Tracing.html and
then found that for guile3 there was something that looked similarly
promising: the (trace-calls-to-procedure) function (
https://www.gnu.org/software/guile/docs/master/guile.html/Tracing-Traps.html).
However,
> (trace-calls-to-procedure reverse)
> (reverse 'asdf)
fdsa
produced no trace. This led me to ask around IRC for some guidance
regarding it. Someone from #emacs suggested I try doing this:
http://ix.io/2suZ
When I attempted to do the same thing, however, I encountered the following
error, at the sight of which, it was recommended that I file a (possible)
bug report: https://termbin.com/6nm5

The following `script` typescript might also be of interest to the
maintainers (to be replayed using `scriptreplay`):
typescript - https://termbin.com/sx5o
timing file - https://termbin.com/73ei
(This one records the (call-with-trace) call with both #:call? #f and
without the specification).

I must confess, I don't understand a whole lot of this. All I would like to
say is that I have a feeling (trace-calls-to-procedure procedure) should
have worked like (trace) as shown in chapter 13 section 'trace' in the book
(https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~bh/ssch13/convince-recur.html); it just
seems 'right' by the name of it. I was expecting the trace from
(trace-call-to-procedure
reverse) (reverse 'asdf) to be basically like ,trace (reverse 'asdf) but
without the traces of all other procedures.

Please do let me know if I have left out any important details. And please
do let me know if I am doing something wrong here. I am almost quite
certain this is just a minor error on my part, rather than a bug (and I'd
really like to be able to trace those procedures).

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* bug#42574: Permanent Records
  2020-07-28  9:38 bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug Prafulla Giri
@ 2020-07-29 15:04 ` Prafulla Giri
  2020-08-01 13:05 ` bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug Prafulla Giri
  2021-05-21 18:38 ` lloda
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Prafulla Giri @ 2020-07-29 15:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: 42574


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I just realized that the termbin links are going to expire in a month or
so. Therefore I am attaching files containing the contents of the links
here.

Please pardon the inconvenience.

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[-- Attachment #2: emacs_suggestion --]
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scheme@(guile-user)> (use-modules (system vm trace))
scheme@(guile-user)> (define (test) (symbol->string 'foo))
scheme@(guile-user)> (trace-calls-to-procedure test #:prefix "XXX: ")
$1 = #<procedure 7efce0b525a0 at system/vm/traps.scm:584:6 (#:optional frame)>
scheme@(guile-user)> (call-with-trace (lambda () (test)))
trace: (test)
XXX: (test)
trace: (symbol->string foo)
XXX: "foo"
trace: "foo"
$2 = "foo"
scheme@(guile-user)> (call-with-trace (lambda () (test)) #:calls? #f)
XXX: (test)
XXX: "foo"
$3 = "foo"
scheme@(guile-user)> 

[-- Attachment #3: simply.scm --]
[-- Type: text/x-scheme, Size: 32901 bytes --]

;;; simply.scm version 3.13 (8/11/98)
;;; (Numbered to agree with berkeley.scm version.)


;;; This file uses Scheme features we don't talk about in _Simply_Scheme_.
;;; Read at your own risk.

(if (equal? 'foo (symbol->string 'foo))
    (error "Simply.scm already loaded!!")
    #f)

;; Make number->string remove leading "+" if necessary

(if (char=? #\+ (string-ref (number->string 1.0) 0))
    (let ((old-ns number->string)
	  (char=? char=?)
	  (string-ref string-ref)
	  (substring substring)
	  (string-length string-length))
      (set! number->string
	    (lambda args
	      (let ((result (apply old-ns args)))
		(if (char=? #\+ (string-ref result 0))
		    (substring result 1 (string-length result))
		    result)))))
    'no-problem)

(define number->string
  (let ((old-ns number->string)
	(string? string?))
    (lambda args
      (if (string? (car args))
	  (car args)
	  (apply old-ns args)))))

;; Get strings in error messages to print nicely (especially "")

(define whoops
  (let ((string? string?)
	(string-append string-append)
	(error error)
	(cons cons)
	(map map)
	(apply apply))
    (define (error-printform x)
      (if (string? x)
	  (string-append "\"" x "\"")
	  x))
;    (define (error-printform x) x)
    (lambda (string . args)
      (apply error (cons string (map error-printform args))))))


;; ROUND returns an inexact integer if its argument is inexact,
;; but we think it should always return an exact integer.
;; (It matters because some Schemes print inexact integers as "+1.0".)
;; The (exact 1) test is for PC Scheme, in which nothing is exact.
(if (and (inexact? (round (sqrt 2))) (exact? 1))
    (let ((old-round round)
	  (inexact->exact inexact->exact))
      (set! round
	    (lambda (number)
	      (inexact->exact (old-round number)))))
    'no-problem)

;; Remainder and quotient blow up if their argument isn't an integer.
;; Unfortunately, in SCM, (* 365.25 24 60 60) *isn't* an integer.

(if (inexact? (* .25 4))
    (let ((rem remainder)
	  (quo quotient)
	  (inexact->exact inexact->exact)
	  (integer? integer?))
      (set! remainder
	    (lambda (x y)
	      (rem (if (integer? x) (inexact->exact x) x)
		   (if (integer? y) (inexact->exact y) y))))
      (set! quotient
	    (lambda (x y)
	      (quo (if (integer? x) (inexact->exact x) x)
		   (if (integer? y) (inexact->exact y) y)))))
    'done)


;; Random
;; If your version of Scheme has RANDOM, you should take this out.
;; (It gives the same sequence of random numbers every time.) 

;(define random
;  (let ((*seed* 1) (quotient quotient) (modulo modulo) (+ +) (- -) (* *) (> >))
;    (lambda (x)
;      (let* ((hi (quotient *seed* 127773))
;	     (low (modulo *seed* 127773))
;	     (test (- (* 16807 low) (* 2836 hi))))
;	(if (> test 0)
;	    (set! *seed* test)
;	    (set! *seed* (+ test 2147483647))))
;      (modulo *seed* x))))


;;; Logo-style word/sentence implementation

(define word?
  (let ((number? number?)
	(symbol? symbol?)
	(string? string?))
    (lambda (x)
      (or (symbol? x) (number? x) (string? x)))))

(define sentence?
  (let ((null? null?)
	(pair? pair?)
	(word? word?)
	(car car)
	(cdr cdr))    
    (define (list-of-words? l)
      (cond ((null? l) #t)
	    ((pair? l)
	     (and (word? (car l)) (list-of-words? (cdr l))))
	    (else #f)))
    list-of-words?))

(define empty?
  (let ((null? null?)
	(string? string?)
	(string=? string=?))
    (lambda (x)
      (or (null? x)
	  (and (string? x) (string=? x ""))))))


(define char-rank
  ;; 0 Letter in good case or special initial
  ;; 1 ., + or -
  ;; 2 Digit
  ;; 3 Letter in bad case or weird character
  (let ((*the-char-ranks* (make-vector 256 3))
	(= =)
	(+ +)
	(string-ref string-ref)
	(string-length string-length)
	(vector-set! vector-set!)
	(char->integer char->integer)
	(symbol->string symbol->string)
	(vector-ref vector-ref))
    (define (rank-string str rank)
      (define (helper i len)
	(if (= i len)
	    'done
	    (begin (vector-set! *the-char-ranks*
				(char->integer (string-ref str i))
				rank)
		   (helper (+ i 1) len))))
      (helper 0 (string-length str)))
    (rank-string (symbol->string 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz) 0)
    (rank-string "!$%&*/:<=>?~_^" 0)
    (rank-string "+-." 1)
    (rank-string "0123456789" 2)
    (lambda (char)		    ;; value of char-rank
      (vector-ref *the-char-ranks* (char->integer char)))))

(define string->word
  (let ((= =) (<= <=) (+ +) (- -)
	(char-rank char-rank)
	(string-ref string-ref)
	(string-length string-length)
	(string=? string=?)
	(not not)
	(char=? char=?)
	(string->number string->number)
	(string->symbol string->symbol))
    (lambda (string)
      (define (subsequents? string i length)
	(cond ((= i length) #t)
	      ((<= (char-rank (string-ref string i)) 2)
	       (subsequents? string (+ i 1) length))
	      (else #f)))
      (define (special-id? string)
	(or (string=? string "+")
	    (string=? string "-")
	    (string=? string "...")))
      (define (ok-symbol? string)
	(if (string=? string "")
	    #f
	    (let ((rank1 (char-rank (string-ref string 0))))
	      (cond ((= rank1 0) (subsequents? string 1 (string-length string)))
		    ((= rank1 1) (special-id? string))
		    (else #f)))))
      (define (nn-helper string i len seen-point?)
	(cond ((= i len)
	       (if seen-point?
		   (not (char=? (string-ref string (- len 1)) #\0))
		   #t))
	      ((char=? #\. (string-ref string i))
	       (cond (seen-point? #f)
		     ((= (+ i 2) len) #t)  ; Accepts "23.0"
		     (else (nn-helper string (+ i 1) len #t))))
	      ((= 2 (char-rank (string-ref string i)))
	       (nn-helper string (+ i 1) len seen-point?))
	      (else #f)))
      (define (narrow-number? string)
	(if (string=? string "")
	    #f
	    (let* ((c0 (string-ref string 0))
		   (start 0)
		   (len (string-length string))
		   (cn (string-ref string (- len 1))))
	      (if (and (char=? c0 #\-) (not (= len 1)))
		  (begin
		   (set! start 1)
		   (set! c0 (string-ref string 1)))
		  #f)
	      (cond ((not (= (char-rank cn) 2)) #f)  ; Rejects "-" among others
		    ((char=? c0 #\.) #f)
		    ((char=? c0 #\0)
		     (cond ((= len 1) #t)  ; Accepts "0" but not "-0"
			   ((= len 2) #f)  ; Rejects "-0" and "03"
			   ((char=? (string-ref string (+ start 1)) #\.)
			    (nn-helper string (+ start 2) len #t))
			   (else #f)))
		    (else (nn-helper string start len #f)))))) 

      ;; The body of string->word:
      (cond ((narrow-number? string) (string->number string))
	    ((ok-symbol? string) (string->symbol string))
	    (else string)))))

(define char->word
  (let ((= =)
	(char-rank char-rank)
	(make-string make-string)
	(string->symbol string->symbol)
	(string->number string->number)
	(char=? char=?))
    (lambda (char)
      (let ((rank (char-rank char))
	    (string (make-string 1 char)))
	(cond ((= rank 0) (string->symbol string))
	      ((= rank 2) (string->number string))
	      ((char=? char #\+) '+)
	      ((char=? char #\-) '-)
	      (else string))))))

(define word->string
  (let ((number? number?)
	(string? string?)
	(number->string number->string)
	(symbol->string symbol->string))
    (lambda (wd)
      (cond ((string? wd) wd)
	    ((number? wd) (number->string wd))
	    (else (symbol->string wd))))))

(define count
  (let ((word? word?)
	(string-length string-length)
	(word->string word->string)
	(length length))
    (lambda (stuff)
      (if (word? stuff)
	  (string-length (word->string stuff))
	  (length stuff)))))

(define word
  (let ((string->word string->word)
	(apply apply)
	(string-append string-append)
	(map map)
	(word? word?)
	(word->string word->string)
	(whoops whoops))
    (lambda x
      (string->word
       (apply string-append
	      (map (lambda (arg)
		     (if (word? arg)
			 (word->string arg)
			 (whoops "Invalid argument to WORD: " arg)))
		   x))))))

(define se
  (let ((pair? pair?)
	(null? null?)
	(word? word?)
	(car car)
	(cons cons)
	(cdr cdr)
	(whoops whoops))
    (define (paranoid-append a original-a b)
      (cond ((null? a) b)
	    ((word? (car a))
	     (cons (car a) (paranoid-append (cdr a) original-a b)))
	    (else (whoops "Argument to SENTENCE not a word or sentence"
			 original-a ))))
    (define (combine-two a b)                ;; Note: b is always a list
      (cond ((pair? a) (paranoid-append a a b))
	    ((null? a) b)
	    ((word? a) (cons a b))
	    (else (whoops "Argument to SENTENCE not a word or sentence:" a))))
    ;; Helper function so recursive calls don't show up in TRACE
    (define (real-se args)
      (if (null? args)
	  '()
	  (combine-two (car args) (real-se (cdr args)))))
    (lambda args
      (real-se args))))

(define sentence se)

(define first
  (let ((pair? pair?)
	(char->word char->word)
	(string-ref string-ref)
	(word->string word->string)
	(car car)
	(empty? empty?)
	(whoops whoops)
	(word? word?))
    (define (word-first wd)
      (char->word (string-ref (word->string wd) 0)))
    (lambda (x)
      (cond ((pair? x) (car x))
	    ((empty? x) (whoops "Invalid argument to FIRST: " x))
	    ((word? x) (word-first x))
	    (else (whoops "Invalid argument to FIRST: " x))))))

(define last
  (let ((pair? pair?)
	(- -)
	(word->string word->string)
	(char->word char->word)
	(string-ref string-ref)
	(string-length string-length)
	(empty? empty?)
	(cdr cdr)
	(car car)
	(whoops whoops)
	(word? word?))
    (define (word-last wd)
      (let ((s (word->string wd)))
	(char->word (string-ref s (- (string-length s) 1)))))
    (define (list-last lst)      
      (if (empty? (cdr lst))
	  (car lst)
	  (list-last (cdr lst))))
    (lambda (x)
      (cond ((pair? x) (list-last x))
	    ((empty? x) (whoops "Invalid argument to LAST: " x))
	    ((word? x) (word-last x))
	    (else (whoops "Invalid argument to LAST: " x))))))

(define bf
  (let ((pair? pair?)
	(substring substring)
	(string-length string-length)
	(string->word string->word)
	(word->string word->string)
	(cdr cdr)
	(empty? empty?)
	(whoops whoops)
	(word? word?))
    (define string-bf
      (lambda (s)
      (substring s 1 (string-length s))))
    (define (word-bf wd)
      (string->word (string-bf (word->string wd))))
    (lambda (x)
      (cond ((pair? x) (cdr x))
	    ((empty? x) (whoops "Invalid argument to BUTFIRST: " x))
	    ((word? x) (word-bf x))
	    (else (whoops "Invalid argument to BUTFIRST: " x))))))

(define butfirst bf)

(define bl
  (let ((pair? pair?) (- -)
	(cdr cdr)
	(cons cons)
	(car car)
	(substring substring)
	(string-length string-length)
	(string->word string->word)
	(word->string word->string)
	(empty? empty?)
	(whoops whoops)
	(word? word?))
    (define (list-bl list)
      (if (null? (cdr list))
	  '()
	  (cons (car list) (list-bl (cdr list)))))
    (define (string-bl s)
      (substring s 0 (- (string-length s) 1)))  
    (define (word-bl wd)
      (string->word (string-bl (word->string wd))))
    (lambda (x)
      (cond ((pair? x) (list-bl x))
	    ((empty? x) (whoops "Invalid argument to BUTLAST: " x))
	    ((word? x) (word-bl x))
	    (else (whoops "Invalid argument to BUTLAST: " x))))))

(define butlast bl)

(define item
  (let ((> >) (- -) (< <) (integer? integer?) (list-ref list-ref)
	(char->word char->word)
	(string-ref string-ref)
	(word->string word->string)
	(not not)
	(whoops whoops)
	(count count)
	(word? word?)
	(list? list?))
    (define (word-item n wd)
      (char->word (string-ref (word->string wd) (- n 1))))
    (lambda (n stuff)
      (cond ((not (integer? n))
	     (whoops "Invalid first argument to ITEM (must be an integer): "
		     n))
	    ((< n 1)
	     (whoops "Invalid first argument to ITEM (must be positive): "
		     n))
	    ((> n (count stuff))
	     (whoops "No such item: " n stuff))
	    ((word? stuff) (word-item n stuff))
	    ((list? stuff) (list-ref stuff (- n 1)))
	    (else (whoops "Invalid second argument to ITEM: " stuff))))))

(define equal?
  ;; Note that EQUAL? assumes strings are numbers.
  ;; (strings-are-numbers #f) doesn't change this behavior.
  (let ((vector-length vector-length)
	(= =)
	(vector-ref vector-ref)
	(+ +)
	(string? string?)
	(symbol? symbol?)
	(null? null?)
	(pair? pair?)
	(car car)
	(cdr cdr)
	(eq? eq?)
	(string=? string=?)
	(symbol->string symbol->string)
	(number? number?)
	(string->word string->word)
	(vector? vector?)
	(eqv? eqv?))
    (define (vector-equal? v1 v2)
      (let ((len1 (vector-length v1))
	    (len2 (vector-length v2)))
	(define (helper i)
	  (if (= i len1)
	      #t
	      (and (equal? (vector-ref v1 i) (vector-ref v2 i))
		   (helper (+ i 1)))))
	(if (= len1 len2)
	    (helper 0)
	    #f)))
    (lambda (x y)
      (cond ((null? x) (null? y))
	    ((null? y) #f)
	    ((pair? x)
	     (and (pair? y)
		  (equal? (car x) (car y))
		  (equal? (cdr x) (cdr y))))
	    ((pair? y) #f)
	    ((symbol? x)
	     (or (and (symbol? y) (eq? x y))
		 (and (string? y) (string=? (symbol->string x) y))))
	    ((symbol? y)
	     (and (string? x) (string=? x (symbol->string y))))
	    ((number? x)
	     (or (and (number? y) (= x y))
		 (and (string? y)
		      (let ((possible-num (string->word y)))
			(and (number? possible-num)
			     (= x possible-num))))))
	    ((number? y)
	     (and (string? x)
		  (let ((possible-num (string->word x)))
		    (and (number? possible-num)
			 (= possible-num y)))))
	    ((string? x) (and (string? y) (string=? x y)))
	    ((string? y) #f)
	    ((vector? x) (and (vector? y) (vector-equal? x y)))
	    ((vector? y) #f)
	    (else (eqv? x y))))))

(define member?
  (let ((> >) (- -) (< <)
	(null? null?)
	(symbol? symbol?)
	(eq? eq?)
	(car car)
	(not not)
	(symbol->string symbol->string)
	(string=? string=?)
	(cdr cdr)
	(equal? equal?)
	(word->string word->string)
	(string-length string-length)
	(whoops whoops)
	(string-ref string-ref)
	(char=? char=?)
	(list? list?)
	(number? number?)
	(empty? empty?)
	(word? word?)
	(string? string?))
    (define (symbol-in-list? symbol string lst)
      (cond ((null? lst) #f)
	    ((and (symbol? (car lst))
		  (eq? symbol (car lst))))
	    ((string? (car lst))
	     (cond ((not string)
		    (symbol-in-list? symbol (symbol->string symbol) lst))
		   ((string=? string (car lst)) #t)
		   (else (symbol-in-list? symbol string (cdr lst)))))
	    (else (symbol-in-list? symbol string (cdr lst)))))
    (define (word-in-list? wd lst)
      (cond ((null? lst) #f)
	    ((equal? wd (car lst)) #t)
	    (else (word-in-list? wd (cdr lst)))))
    (define (word-in-word? small big)
      (let ((one-letter-str (word->string small)))
	(if (> (string-length one-letter-str) 1)
	    (whoops "Invalid arguments to MEMBER?: " small big)
	    (let ((big-str (word->string big)))
	      (char-in-string? (string-ref one-letter-str 0)
			       big-str
			       (- (string-length big-str) 1))))))
    (define (char-in-string? char string i)
      (cond ((< i 0) #f)
	    ((char=? char (string-ref string i)) #t)
	    (else (char-in-string? char string (- i 1)))))
    (lambda (x stuff)
      (cond ((empty? stuff) #f)
	    ((word? stuff) (word-in-word? x stuff))
	    ((not (list? stuff))
	     (whoops "Invalid second argument to MEMBER?: " stuff))
	    ((symbol? x) (symbol-in-list? x #f stuff))
	    ((or (number? x) (string? x))
	     (word-in-list? x stuff))
	    (else (whoops "Invalid first argument to MEMBER?: " x))))))

(define before?
  (let ((not not)
	(word? word?)
	(whoops whoops)
	(string<? string<?)
	(word->string word->string))
    (lambda (wd1 wd2)
      (cond ((not (word? wd1))
	     (whoops "Invalid first argument to BEFORE? (not a word): " wd1))
	    ((not (word? wd2))
	     (whoops "Invalid second argument to BEFORE? (not a word): " wd2))
	    (else (string<? (word->string wd1) (word->string wd2)))))))


;;; Higher Order Functions

(define filter
  (let ((null? null?)
	(car car)
	(cons cons)
	(cdr cdr)
	(not not)
	(procedure? procedure?)
	(whoops whoops)
	(list? list?))
    (lambda (pred l)
      ;; Helper function so recursive calls don't show up in TRACE
      (define (real-filter l)
	(cond ((null? l) '())
	      ((pred (car l))
	       (cons (car l) (real-filter (cdr l))))
	      (else (real-filter (cdr l)))))
      (cond ((not (procedure? pred))
	     (whoops "Invalid first argument to FILTER (not a procedure): "
		     pred))
	    ((not (list? l))
	     (whoops "Invalid second argument to FILTER (not a list): " l))
	    (else (real-filter l))))))

(define keep
  (let ((+ +) (= =) (pair? pair?)
	(substring substring)
	(char->word char->word)
	(string-ref string-ref)
	(string-set! string-set!)
	(word->string word->string)
	(string-length string-length)
	(string->word string->word)
	(make-string make-string)
	(procedure? procedure?)
	(whoops whoops)
	(word? word?)
	(null? null?))
    (lambda (pred w-or-s)
      (define (keep-string in i out out-len len)
	(cond ((= i len) (substring out 0 out-len))
	      ((pred (char->word (string-ref in i)))
	       (string-set! out out-len (string-ref in i))
	       (keep-string in (+ i 1) out (+ out-len 1) len))
	      (else (keep-string in (+ i 1) out out-len len))))
      (define (keep-word wd)
	(let* ((string (word->string wd))
	       (len (string-length string)))
	  (string->word
	   (keep-string string 0 (make-string len) 0 len))))
      (cond ((not (procedure? pred))
	     (whoops "Invalid first argument to KEEP (not a procedure): "
		    pred))
	    ((pair? w-or-s) (filter pred w-or-s))
	    ((word? w-or-s) (keep-word w-or-s))
	    ((null? w-or-s) '())
	    (else
	     (whoops "Bad second argument to KEEP (not a word or sentence): "
		     w-or-s))))))

(define appearances
  (let ((count count)
	(keep keep)
	(equal? equal?))
    (lambda (item aggregate)
      (count (keep (lambda (element) (equal? item element)) aggregate)))))

(define every
  (let ((= =) (+ +)
	(se se)
	(char->word char->word)
	(string-ref string-ref)
	(empty? empty?)
	(first first)
	(bf bf)
	(not not)
	(procedure? procedure?)
	(whoops whoops)
	(word? word?)
	(word->string word->string)
	(string-length string-length))
    (lambda (fn stuff)
      (define (string-every string i length)
	(if (= i length)
	    '()
	    (se (fn (char->word (string-ref string i)))
		(string-every string (+ i 1) length))))
      (define (sent-every sent)
	;; This proc. can't be optimized or else it will break the
	;; exercise where we ask them to reimplement sentences as
	;; vectors and then see if every still works.
	(if (empty? sent)
	    sent		; Can't be '() or exercise breaks.
	    (se (fn (first sent))    
		(sent-every (bf sent)))))
      (cond ((not (procedure? fn))
	     (whoops "Invalid first argument to EVERY (not a procedure):"
		     fn))
	    ((word? stuff)
	     (let ((string (word->string stuff)))
	       (string-every string 0 (string-length string))))
	    (else (sent-every stuff))))))

(define accumulate
  (let ((not not)
	(empty? empty?)
	(bf bf)
	(first first)
	(procedure? procedure?)
	(whoops whoops)
	(member member)
	(list list))
    (lambda (combiner stuff)
      (define (real-accumulate stuff)
	(if (empty? (bf stuff))
	    (first stuff)
	    (combiner (first stuff) (real-accumulate (bf stuff)))))
      (cond ((not (procedure? combiner))
	     (whoops "Invalid first argument to ACCUMULATE (not a procedure):"
		     combiner))
	    ((not (empty? stuff)) (real-accumulate stuff))
	    ((member combiner (list + * word se)) (combiner))
	    (else
	     (whoops "Can't accumulate empty input with that combiner"))))))

(define reduce
  (let ((null? null?)
	(cdr cdr)
	(car car)
	(not not)
	(procedure? procedure?)
	(whoops whoops)
	(member member)
	(list list))
    (lambda (combiner stuff)
      (define (real-reduce stuff)
	(if (null? (cdr stuff))
	    (car stuff)
	    (combiner (car stuff) (real-reduce (cdr stuff)))))
      (cond ((not (procedure? combiner))
	     (whoops "Invalid first argument to REDUCE (not a procedure):"
		     combiner))
	    ((not (null? stuff)) (real-reduce stuff))
	    ((member combiner (list + * word se append)) (combiner))
	    (else (whoops "Can't reduce empty input with that combiner"))))))

(define repeated
  (let ((= =) (- -))
    (lambda (fn number)
      (if (= number 0)
	  (lambda (x) x)
	  (lambda (x)
	    ((repeated fn (- number 1)) (fn x)))))))


;; Tree stuff
(define make-node cons)
(define datum car)
(define children cdr)


;; I/O
        
(define show
  (let ((= =)
	(length length)
	(display display)
	(car car)
	(newline newline)
	(not not)
	(output-port? output-port?)
	(apply apply)
	(whoops whoops))
    (lambda args
      (cond
       ((= (length args) 1)
	(display (car args))
	(newline))
       ((= (length args) 2)
	(if (not (output-port? (car (cdr args))))
	    (whoops "Invalid second argument to SHOW (not an output port): "
		    (car (cdr args))))
	(apply display args)
	(newline (car (cdr args))))
       (else (whoops "Incorrect number of arguments to procedure SHOW"))))))

(define show-line
  (let ((>= >=)
	(length length)
	(whoops whoops)
	(null? null?)
	(current-output-port current-output-port)
	(car car)
	(not not)
	(list? list?)
	(display display)
	(for-each for-each)
	(cdr cdr)
	(newline newline))
    (lambda (line . args)
      (if (>= (length args) 2)
	  (whoops "Too many arguments to show-line")
	  (let ((port (if (null? args) (current-output-port) (car args))))
	    (cond ((not (list? line))
		   (whoops "Invalid argument to SHOW-LINE (not a list):" line))
		  ((null? line) #f)
		  (else
		   (display (car line) port)
		   (for-each (lambda (wd) (display " " port) (display wd port))
			     (cdr line))))
	    (newline port))))))

(define read-string
  (let ((read-char read-char)
	(eqv? eqv?)
	(apply apply)
	(string-append string-append)
	(substring substring)
	(reverse reverse)
	(cons cons)
	(>= >=) (+ +)
	(string-set! string-set!)
	(length length)
	(whoops whoops)
	(null? null?)
	(current-input-port current-input-port)
	(car car)
	(cdr cdr)
	(eof-object? eof-object?)
	(list list)
	(make-string make-string)
	(peek-char peek-char))
    (define (read-string-helper chars all-length chunk-length port)
      (let ((char (read-char port))
	    (string (car chars)))
	(cond ((or (eof-object? char) (eqv? char #\newline))
	       (apply string-append
		      (reverse
		       (cons
			(substring (car chars) 0 chunk-length)
			(cdr chars)))))
	      ((>= chunk-length 80)
	       (let ((newstring (make-string 80)))
		 (string-set! newstring 0 char)
		 (read-string-helper (cons newstring chars)
				     (+ all-length 1)
				     1
				     port)))
	      (else
	       (string-set! string chunk-length char)
	       (read-string-helper chars
				   (+ all-length 1)
				   (+ chunk-length 1)
				   port)))))
    (lambda args
      (if (>= (length args) 2)
	  (whoops "Too many arguments to read-string")
	  (let ((port (if (null? args) (current-input-port) (car args))))
	    (if (eof-object? (peek-char port))
		(read-char port)
		(read-string-helper (list (make-string 80)) 0 0 port)))))))

(define read-line
  (let ((= =)
	(list list)
	(string->word string->word)
	(substring substring)
	(char-whitespace? char-whitespace?)
	(string-ref string-ref)
	(+ +)
	(string-length string-length)
	(apply apply)
	(read-string read-string))
    (lambda args
      (define (tokenize string)
	(define (helper i start len)
	  (cond ((= i len)
		 (if (= i start)
		     '()
		     (list (string->word (substring string start i)))))
		((char-whitespace? (string-ref string i))
		 (if (= i start)
		     (helper (+ i 1) (+ i 1) len)
		     (cons (string->word (substring string start i))
			   (helper (+ i 1) (+ i 1) len))))
		(else (helper (+ i 1) start len))))
        (if (eof-object? string)
            string
            (helper 0 0 (string-length string))))
      (tokenize (apply read-string args)))))

(define *the-open-inports* '())
(define *the-open-outports* '())

(define align
  (let ((< <) (abs abs) (* *) (expt expt) (>= >=) (- -) (+ +) (= =)
	(null? null?)
	(car car)
	(round round)
	(number->string number->string)
	(string-length string-length)
	(string-append string-append)
	(make-string make-string)
	(substring substring)
	(string-set! string-set!)
	(number? number?)
	(word->string word->string))
    (lambda (obj width . rest)
      (define (align-number obj width rest)
	(let* ((sign (< obj 0))
	       (num (abs obj))
	       (prec (if (null? rest) 0 (car rest)))
	       (big (round (* num (expt 10 prec))))
	       (cvt0 (number->string big))
	       (cvt (if (< num 1) (string-append "0" cvt0) cvt0))
	       (pos-str (if (>= (string-length cvt0) prec)
			    cvt
			    (string-append
			     (make-string (- prec (string-length cvt0)) #\0)
			     cvt)))
	       (string (if sign (string-append "-" pos-str) pos-str))
	       (length (+ (string-length string)
			  (if (= prec 0) 0 1)))
	       (left (- length (+ 1 prec)))
	       (result (if (= prec 0)
			   string
			   (string-append
			    (substring string 0 left)
			    "."
			    (substring string left (- length 1))))))
	  (cond ((= length width) result)
		((< length width)
		 (string-append (make-string (- width length) #\space) result))
		(else (let ((new (substring result 0 width)))
			(string-set! new (- width 1) #\+)
			new)))))
      (define (align-word string)
	(let ((length (string-length string)))
	  (cond ((= length width) string)
		((< length width)
		 (string-append string (make-string (- width length) #\space)))
		(else (let ((new (substring string 0 width)))
			(string-set! new (- width 1) #\+)
			new)))))
      (if (number? obj)
	  (align-number obj width rest)
	  (align-word (word->string obj))))))

(define open-output-file
  (let ((oof open-output-file)
	(cons cons))
    (lambda (filename)
      (let ((port (oof filename)))
	(set! *the-open-outports* (cons port *the-open-outports*))
	port))))

(define open-input-file
  (let ((oif open-input-file)
	(cons cons))
    (lambda (filename)
      (let ((port (oif filename)))
	(set! *the-open-inports* (cons port *the-open-inports*))
	port))))

(define remove!
  (let ((null? null?)
	(cdr cdr)
	(eq? eq?)
	(set-cdr! set-cdr!)
	(car car))
    (lambda (thing lst)
      (define (r! prev)
	(cond ((null? (cdr prev)) lst)
	      ((eq? thing (car (cdr prev)))
	       (set-cdr! prev (cdr (cdr prev)))
	       lst)
	      (else (r! (cdr prev)))))
      (cond ((null? lst) lst)
	    ((eq? thing (car lst)) (cdr lst))
	    (else (r! lst))))))

(define close-input-port
  (let ((cip close-input-port)
	(remove! remove!))
    (lambda (port)
      (set! *the-open-inports* (remove! port *the-open-inports*))
      (cip port))))

(define close-output-port
  (let ((cop close-output-port)
	(remove! remove!))
    (lambda (port)
      (set! *the-open-outports* (remove! port *the-open-outports*))
      (cop port))))

(define close-all-ports
  (let ((for-each for-each)
	(close-input-port close-input-port)
	(close-output-port close-output-port))
    (lambda ()
      (for-each close-input-port *the-open-inports*)
      (for-each close-output-port *the-open-outports*)
      'closed)))

;; Make arithmetic work on numbers in string form:
(define maybe-num
  (let ((string? string?)
    	(string->number string->number))
    (lambda (arg)
      (if (string? arg)
	  (let ((num (string->number arg)))
	    (if num num arg))
	  arg))))

(define logoize
  (let ((apply apply)
	(map map)
	(maybe-num maybe-num))
    (lambda (fn)
      (lambda args
	(apply fn (map maybe-num args))))))

;; special case versions of logoize, since (lambda args ...) is expensive
(define logoize-1
  (let ((maybe-num maybe-num))
    (lambda (fn)
      (lambda (x) (fn (maybe-num x))))))

(define logoize-2
  (let ((maybe-num maybe-num))
    (lambda (fn)
      (lambda (x y) (fn (maybe-num x) (maybe-num y))))))

(define strings-are-numbers
  (let ((are-they? #f)
        (real-* *)
        (real-+ +)
        (real-- -)
        (real-/ /)
        (real-< <)
        (real-<= <=)
        (real-= =)
        (real-> >)
        (real->= >=)
        (real-abs abs)
        (real-acos acos)
        (real-asin asin)
        (real-atan atan)
        (real-ceiling ceiling)
        (real-cos cos)
        (real-even? even?)
        (real-exp exp)
        (real-expt expt)
        (real-floor floor)
	(real-align align)
        (real-gcd gcd)
        (real-integer? integer?)
        (real-item item)
        (real-lcm lcm)
        (real-list-ref list-ref)
        (real-log log)
        (real-make-vector make-vector)
        (real-max max)
        (real-min min)
        (real-modulo modulo)
        (real-negative? negative?)
        (real-number? number?)
        (real-odd? odd?)
        (real-positive? positive?)
        (real-quotient quotient)
        (real-random random)
        (real-remainder remainder)
        (real-repeated repeated)
        (real-round round)
        (real-sin sin)
        (real-sqrt sqrt)
        (real-tan tan)
        (real-truncate truncate)
        (real-vector-ref vector-ref)
        (real-vector-set! vector-set!)
        (real-zero? zero?)
	(maybe-num maybe-num)
	(number->string number->string)
	(cons cons)
	(car car)
	(cdr cdr)
	(eq? eq?)
	(show show)
	(logoize logoize)
	(logoize-1 logoize-1)
	(logoize-2 logoize-2)
	(not not)
	(whoops whoops))

    (lambda (yesno)
      (cond ((and are-they? (eq? yesno #t))
	     (show "Strings are already numbers"))
	    ((eq? yesno #t)
	     (set! are-they? #t)
	     (set! * (logoize real-*))
	     (set! + (logoize real-+))
	     (set! - (logoize real--))
	     (set! / (logoize real-/))
	     (set! < (logoize real-<))
	     (set! <= (logoize real-<=))
	     (set! = (logoize real-=))
	     (set! > (logoize real->))
	     (set! >= (logoize real->=))
	     (set! abs (logoize-1 real-abs))
	     (set! acos (logoize-1 real-acos))
	     (set! asin (logoize-1 real-asin))
	     (set! atan (logoize real-atan))
	     (set! ceiling (logoize-1 real-ceiling))
	     (set! cos (logoize-1 real-cos))
	     (set! even? (logoize-1 real-even?))
	     (set! exp (logoize-1 real-exp))
	     (set! expt (logoize-2 real-expt))
	     (set! floor (logoize-1 real-floor))
	     (set! align (logoize align))
	     (set! gcd (logoize real-gcd))
	     (set! integer? (logoize-1 real-integer?))
	     (set! item (lambda (n stuff)
			  (real-item (maybe-num n) stuff)))
	     (set! lcm (logoize real-lcm))
	     (set! list-ref (lambda (lst k) 
			      (real-list-ref lst (maybe-num k))))
	     (set! log (logoize-1 real-log))
	     (set! max (logoize real-max))
	     (set! min (logoize real-min))
	     (set! modulo (logoize-2 real-modulo))
	     (set! negative? (logoize-1 real-negative?))
	     (set! number? (logoize-1 real-number?))
	     (set! odd? (logoize-1 real-odd?))
	     (set! positive? (logoize-1 real-positive?))
	     (set! quotient (logoize-2 real-quotient))
	     (set! random (logoize real-random))
	     (set! remainder (logoize-2 real-remainder))
	     (set! round (logoize-1 real-round))
	     (set! sin (logoize-1 real-sin))
	     (set! sqrt (logoize-1 real-sqrt))

	     (set! tan (logoize-1 real-tan))
	     (set! truncate (logoize-1 real-truncate))
	     (set! zero? (logoize-1 real-zero?))
	     (set! vector-ref
		   (lambda (vec i) (real-vector-ref vec (maybe-num i))))
	     (set! vector-set!
		   (lambda (vec i val)
		     (real-vector-set! vec (maybe-num i) val)))
	     (set! make-vector
		   (lambda (num . args)
		     (apply real-make-vector (cons (maybe-num num)
						   args))))
	     (set! list-ref
		   (lambda (lst i) (real-list-ref lst (maybe-num i))))
	     (set! repeated
		   (lambda (fn n) (real-repeated fn (maybe-num n)))))
	    ((and (not are-they?) (not yesno))
	     (show "Strings are already not numbers"))
	    ((not yesno)
	     (set! are-they? #f) (set! * real-*) (set! + real-+)
	     (set! - real--) (set! / real-/) (set! < real-<)
	     (set! <= real-<=) (set! = real-=) (set! > real->)
	     (set! >= real->=) (set! abs real-abs) (set! acos real-acos)
	     (set! asin real-asin) (set! atan real-atan)
	     (set! ceiling real-ceiling) (set! cos real-cos)
	     (set! even? real-even?)
	     (set! exp real-exp) (set! expt real-expt)
	     (set! floor real-floor) (set! align real-align)
	     (set! gcd real-gcd) (set! integer? real-integer?)
	     (set! item real-item)
	     (set! lcm real-lcm) (set! list-ref real-list-ref)
	     (set! log real-log) (set! max real-max) (set! min real-min)
	     (set! modulo real-modulo) (set! odd? real-odd?)
	     (set! quotient real-quotient) (set! random real-random)
	     (set! remainder real-remainder) (set! round real-round)
	     (set! sin real-sin) (set! sqrt real-sqrt) (set! tan real-tan)
	     (set! truncate real-truncate) (set! zero? real-zero?)
	     (set! positive? real-positive?) (set! negative? real-negative?)
	     (set! number? real-number?) (set! vector-ref real-vector-ref)
	     (set! vector-set! real-vector-set!)
	     (set! make-vector real-make-vector)
	     (set! list-ref real-list-ref) (set! item real-item)
	     (set! repeated real-repeated))
	    (else (whoops "Strings-are-numbers: give a #t or a #f")))
	    are-they?)))


;; By default, strings are numbers:
(strings-are-numbers #t)

[-- Attachment #4: possible-bug --]
[-- Type: application/octet-stream, Size: 1102 bytes --]

cheme@(guile-user)> (define (reverse wd) (if (equal? wd "") "" (word (reverse (bf wd)) (first wd))))
scheme@(guile-user)> (use-modules (system vm trace))
scheme@(guile-user)> (trace-calls-to-procedure reverse #:prefix "XXX: ")
$1 = #<procedure 7f1a7033c740 at system/vm/traps.scm:599:6 (#:optional frame)>
scheme@(guile-user)> (reverse 'asdf)
$2 = fdsa
scheme@(guile-user)> (call-with-trace (lambda () (reverse 'asdf)) #:calls? #f)
XXX: (reverse asdf)
XXX: |  (reverse sdf)
XXX: |  |  (reverse df)
XXX: |  |  |  (reverse f)
XXX: |  |  |  |  (reverse "")
ice-9/boot-9.scm:1669:16: In procedure raise-exception:
Wrong number of arguments to #<procedure return-handler (frame depth values)>

Entering a new prompt.  Type `,bt' for a backtrace or `,q' to continue.
scheme@(guile-user) [1]> ,q
scheme@(guile-user)> (call-with-trace (lambda () (reverse 'asdf)) #:calls? #f)
ice-9/boot-9.scm:1669:16: In procedure raise-exception:
Wrong number of arguments to #<procedure return-handler (frame depth values)>

Entering a new prompt.  Type `,bt' for a backtrace or `,q' to continue.
scheme@(guile-user) [1]> 


[-- Attachment #5: typescript --]
[-- Type: application/octet-stream, Size: 10366 bytes --]

[-- Attachment #6: timingfile --]
[-- Type: application/octet-stream, Size: 5487 bytes --]

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug
  2020-07-28  9:38 bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug Prafulla Giri
  2020-07-29 15:04 ` bug#42574: Permanent Records Prafulla Giri
@ 2020-08-01 13:05 ` Prafulla Giri
  2021-05-21 18:38 ` lloda
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Prafulla Giri @ 2020-08-01 13:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: 42574


[-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 3172 bytes --]

Attached is a patch to fix this issue. I would like to acknowledge
RhodiumToad, who actually figured out what was causing this issue.

On Tue, Jul 28, 2020 at 3:23 PM Prafulla Giri <pratheblackdiamond@gmail.com>
wrote:

> Esteemed Maintainers,
>
> I am quite positive that what I am experiencing is not quite a bug but
> just some mis-step on my part. But I have been encouraged to report this as
> a possible bug. Thus, here it is.
>
> Context:
> Guile version: 3.0.2 (installed using guix)
> Loaded Files: simply.scm (
> https://github.com/hosoe-masaki/SimplyScheme/blob/master/simply.scm)
> Reverse function (referred to in the report, assumes 'simply.scm' has been
> loaded):
> (define (reverse wd) (if (equal? wd "") "" (word (reverse (bf wd)) (first
> wd))))
> ;; (reverse 'asdf) -> 'fdsa
>
> This started with my first wanting to run a (trace) of a recursive
> procedure as seen in Chapter 13 of the book 'Simply Scheme' (
> https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~bh/ssch13/convince-recur.html). I
> looked for a waay to (trace) in guile, but couldn't find anything except
> ,trace, which was giving a trace of everything that the function (reverse)
> called from inside of it, thus making the trace 'polluted'.
>
> I then looked around and found that a (trace) function, much like the one
> being demonstrated in the book used to exist once in guile:
> https://www.gnu.org/software/guile/docs/docs-1.8/guile-ref/Tracing.html
> and then found that for guile3 there was something that looked similarly
> promising: the (trace-calls-to-procedure) function (
> https://www.gnu.org/software/guile/docs/master/guile.html/Tracing-Traps.html).
> However,
> > (trace-calls-to-procedure reverse)
> > (reverse 'asdf)
> fdsa
> produced no trace. This led me to ask around IRC for some guidance
> regarding it. Someone from #emacs suggested I try doing this:
> http://ix.io/2suZ
> When I attempted to do the same thing, however, I encountered the
> following error, at the sight of which, it was recommended that I file a
> (possible) bug report: https://termbin.com/6nm5
>
> The following `script` typescript might also be of interest to the
> maintainers (to be replayed using `scriptreplay`):
> typescript - https://termbin.com/sx5o
> timing file - https://termbin.com/73ei
> (This one records the (call-with-trace) call with both #:call? #f and
> without the specification).
>
> I must confess, I don't understand a whole lot of this. All I would like
> to say is that I have a feeling (trace-calls-to-procedure procedure)
> should have worked like (trace) as shown in chapter 13 section 'trace' in
> the book (https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~bh/ssch13/convince-recur.html);
> it just seems 'right' by the name of it. I was expecting the trace from (trace-call-to-procedure
> reverse) (reverse 'asdf) to be basically like ,trace (reverse 'asdf) but
> without the traces of all other procedures.
>
> Please do let me know if I have left out any important details. And please
> do let me know if I am doing something wrong here. I am almost quite
> certain this is just a minor error on my part, rather than a bug (and I'd
> really like to be able to trace those procedures).
>

[-- Attachment #1.2: Type: text/html, Size: 5792 bytes --]

[-- Attachment #2: 0001-Fix-return-handler-of-trace-calls-to-procedure.patch --]
[-- Type: text/x-patch, Size: 1332 bytes --]

From c907e9f7ecc4764f6cdcf5f6b2cd6ced80ad95a9 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Prafulla Giri <pratheblackdiamond@gmail.com>
Date: Sat, 1 Aug 2020 15:39:22 +0545
Subject: [PATCH] Fix return-handler of trace-calls-to-procedure

This change removes the extra/unused formal parameter 'values' from
the definition of return-handler in trace-calls-to-procedure. This
extra parameter was causing trace-calls-to-procedure to fail for the
lack of an argument that was never passed to it. Thanks to Mr. Andrew
(RhodiumToad) for figuring this out. Fixes #42574.

* module/system/vm/trace.scm (trace-calls-to-procedure (return-handler)):
  Remove unnecessary formal parameter 'values'.
---
 module/system/vm/trace.scm | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/module/system/vm/trace.scm b/module/system/vm/trace.scm
index e9f17dae8..54840d8fd 100644
--- a/module/system/vm/trace.scm
+++ b/module/system/vm/trace.scm
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@
                                    (max-indent (- width 40)))
   (define (apply-handler frame depth)
     (print-application frame depth width prefix max-indent))
-  (define (return-handler frame depth values)
+  (define (return-handler frame depth)
     (print-return frame depth width prefix max-indent))
   (trap-calls-to-procedure proc apply-handler return-handler))
 
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug
  2020-07-28  9:38 bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug Prafulla Giri
  2020-07-29 15:04 ` bug#42574: Permanent Records Prafulla Giri
  2020-08-01 13:05 ` bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug Prafulla Giri
@ 2021-05-21 18:38 ` lloda
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: lloda @ 2021-05-21 18:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: 42574-done; +Cc: pratheblackdiamond


This has been fixed in f9f55b9ce74898d1b0a77dcc9b4aa260e5cd208d. Apologies for not noticing the earlier patch... there were a couple later duplicates.

Thanks!




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-05-21 18:38 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 4+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-07-28  9:38 bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug Prafulla Giri
2020-07-29 15:04 ` bug#42574: Permanent Records Prafulla Giri
2020-08-01 13:05 ` bug#42574: Probable (system vm trace) bug Prafulla Giri
2021-05-21 18:38 ` lloda

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