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;;; image.el --- image API  -*- lexical-binding:t -*-

;; Copyright (C) 1998-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Maintainer: emacs-devel@gnu.org
;; Keywords: multimedia
;; Package: emacs

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

;;; Commentary:

;;; Code:

(defgroup image ()
  "Image support."
  :group 'multimedia)

(declare-function image-flush "image.c" (spec &optional frame))
(defalias 'image-refresh 'image-flush)

(defconst image-type-header-regexps
  `(("\\`/[\t\n\r ]*\\*.*XPM.\\*/" . xpm)
    ("\\`P[1-6]\\(?:\
\\(?:\\(?:#[^\r\n]*[\r\n]\\)*[[:space:]]\\)+\
\\(?:\\(?:#[^\r\n]*[\r\n]\\)*[0-9]\\)+\
\\)\\{2\\}" . pbm)
    ("\\`GIF8[79]a" . gif)
    ("\\`\x89PNG\r\n\x1a\n" . png)
    ("\\`[\t\n\r ]*#define \\([a-z0-9_]+\\)_width [0-9]+\n\
#define \\1_height [0-9]+\n\\(\
#define \\1_x_hot [0-9]+\n\
#define \\1_y_hot [0-9]+\n\\)?\
static \\(unsigned \\)?char \\1_bits" . xbm)
    ("\\`\\(?:MM\0\\*\\|II\\*\0\\)" . tiff)
    ("\\`[\t\n\r ]*%!PS" . postscript)
    ("\\`\xff\xd8" . jpeg)    ; used to be (image-jpeg-p . jpeg)
    (,(let* ((incomment-re "\\(?:[^-]\\|-[^-]\\)")
	     (comment-re (concat "\\(?:!--" incomment-re "*-->[ \t\r\n]*<\\)")))
	(concat "\\(?:<\\?xml[ \t\r\n]+[^>]*>\\)?[ \t\r\n]*<"
		comment-re "*"
		"\\(?:!DOCTYPE[ \t\r\n]+[^>]*>[ \t\r\n]*<[ \t\r\n]*" comment-re "*\\)?"
		"[Ss][Vv][Gg]"))
     . svg)
    )
  "Alist of (REGEXP . IMAGE-TYPE) pairs used to auto-detect image types.
When the first bytes of an image file match REGEXP, it is assumed to
be of image type IMAGE-TYPE if IMAGE-TYPE is a symbol.  If not a symbol,
IMAGE-TYPE must be a pair (PREDICATE . TYPE).  PREDICATE is called
with one argument, a string containing the image data.  If PREDICATE returns
a non-nil value, TYPE is the image's type.")

(defvar image-type-file-name-regexps
  '(("\\.png\\'" . png)
    ("\\.gif\\'" . gif)
    ("\\.jpe?g\\'" . jpeg)
    ("\\.bmp\\'" . bmp)
    ("\\.xpm\\'" . xpm)
    ("\\.pbm\\'" . pbm)
    ("\\.xbm\\'" . xbm)
    ("\\.ps\\'" . postscript)
    ("\\.tiff?\\'" . tiff)
    ("\\.svgz?\\'" . svg)
    )
  "Alist of (REGEXP . IMAGE-TYPE) pairs used to identify image files.
When the name of an image file match REGEXP, it is assumed to
be of image type IMAGE-TYPE.")

;; We rely on `auto-mode-alist' to detect xbm and xpm files, instead
;; of content autodetection.  Their contents are just C code, so it is
;; easy to generate false matches.
(defvar image-type-auto-detectable
  '((pbm . t)
    (xbm . nil)
    (bmp . maybe)
    (gif . maybe)
    (png . maybe)
    (xpm . nil)
    (jpeg . maybe)
    (tiff . maybe)
    (svg . maybe)
    (postscript . nil))
  "Alist of (IMAGE-TYPE . AUTODETECT) pairs used to auto-detect image files.
\(See `image-type-auto-detected-p').

AUTODETECT can be
 - t      always auto-detect.
 - nil    never auto-detect.
 - maybe  auto-detect only if the image type is available
	    (see `image-type-available-p').")

(defvar image-format-suffixes
  '((image/x-rgb "rgb") (image/x-icon "ico"))
  "An alist associating image types with file name suffixes.
This is used as a hint by the ImageMagick library when detecting
the type of image data (that does not have an associated file name).
Each element has the form (MIME-CONTENT-TYPE EXTENSION).
If `create-image' is called with a :format attribute whose value
equals a content-type found in this list, the ImageMagick library is
told that the data would have the associated suffix if saved to a file.")

(defcustom image-load-path
  (list (file-name-as-directory (expand-file-name "images" data-directory))
        'data-directory 'load-path)
  "List of locations in which to search for image files.
The images for icons shown in the tool bar are also looked up
in these locations.

If an element is a string, it defines a directory to search.
If an element is a variable symbol whose value is a string, that
value defines a directory to search.
If an element is a variable symbol whose value is a list, the
value is used as a list of directories to search.

Subdirectories are not automatically included in the search."
  :type '(repeat (choice directory variable))
  :initialize #'custom-initialize-delay)

(defcustom image-scaling-factor 'auto
  "When displaying images, apply this scaling factor before displaying.
This is not supported for all image types, and is mostly useful
when you have a high-resolution monitor.
The value is either a floating point number (where numbers higher
than 1 means to increase the size and lower means to shrink the
size), or the symbol `auto', which will compute a scaling factor
based on the font pixel size."
  :type '(choice number
                 (const :tag "Automatically compute" auto))
  :version "26.1")

(defcustom image-transform-smoothing #'image--default-smoothing
  "Whether to do smoothing when applying transforms to images.
Common transforms are rescaling and rotation.

Valid values are nil (no smoothing), t (smoothing) or a predicate
function that is called with the image specification and should return
either nil or non-nil."
  :type '(choice (const :tag "Do smoothing" t)
                 (const :tag "No smoothing" nil)
                 function)
  :version "28.1")

(defcustom image-use-external-converter nil
  "If non-nil, `create-image' will use external converters for exotic formats.
Emacs handles most of the common image formats (SVG, JPEG, PNG, GIF
and some others) internally, but images that don't have native
support in Emacs can still be displayed if an external conversion
program (like ImageMagick \"convert\", GraphicsMagick \"gm\"
or \"ffmpeg\") is installed."
  :type 'boolean
  :version "27.1")

(define-error 'unknown-image-type "Unknown image type")

;; Map put into text properties on images.
(defvar image-map
  (let ((map (make-sparse-keymap)))
    (define-key map "-" 'image-decrease-size)
    (define-key map "+" 'image-increase-size)
    (define-key map [C-wheel-down] 'image-mouse-decrease-size)
    (define-key map [C-mouse-5]    'image-mouse-decrease-size)
    (define-key map [C-wheel-up]   'image-mouse-increase-size)
    (define-key map [C-mouse-4]    'image-mouse-increase-size)
    (define-key map "r" 'image-rotate)
    (define-key map "o" 'image-save)
    map))

(defun image-load-path-for-library (library image &optional path no-error)
  "Return a suitable search path for images used by LIBRARY.

It searches for IMAGE in `image-load-path' (excluding
\"`data-directory'/images\") and `load-path', followed by a path
suitable for LIBRARY, which includes \"../../etc/images\" and
\"../etc/images\" relative to the library file itself, and then
in \"`data-directory'/images\".

Then this function returns a list of directories which contains
first the directory in which IMAGE was found, followed by the
value of `load-path'.  If PATH is given, it is used instead of
`load-path'.

If NO-ERROR is non-nil and a suitable path can't be found, don't
signal an error.  Instead, return a list of directories as before,
except that nil appears in place of the image directory.

Here is an example that uses a common idiom to provide
compatibility with versions of Emacs that lack the variable
`image-load-path':

    ;; Shush compiler.
    (defvar image-load-path)

    (let* ((load-path (image-load-path-for-library \"mh-e\" \"mh-logo.xpm\"))
           (image-load-path (cons (car load-path)
                                  (when (boundp \\='image-load-path)
                                    image-load-path))))
      (mh-tool-bar-folder-buttons-init))"
  (unless library (error "No library specified"))
  (unless image   (error "No image specified"))
  (let (image-directory image-directory-load-path)
    ;; Check for images in image-load-path or load-path.
    (let ((img image)
          (dir (or
                ;; Images in image-load-path.
                (image-search-load-path image)
                ;; Images in load-path.
                (locate-library image)))
          parent)
      ;; Since the image might be in a nested directory (for
      ;; example, mail/attach.pbm), adjust `image-directory'
      ;; accordingly.
      (when dir
        (setq dir (file-name-directory dir))
        (while (setq parent (file-name-directory img))
          (setq img (directory-file-name parent)
                dir (expand-file-name "../" dir))))
      (setq image-directory-load-path dir))

    ;; If `image-directory-load-path' isn't Emacs's image directory,
    ;; it's probably a user preference, so use it. Then use a
    ;; relative setting if possible; otherwise, use
    ;; `image-directory-load-path'.
    (cond
     ;; User-modified image-load-path?
     ((and image-directory-load-path
           (not (equal image-directory-load-path
                       (file-name-as-directory
                        (expand-file-name "images" data-directory)))))
      (setq image-directory image-directory-load-path))
     ;; Try relative setting.
     ((let (library-name d1ei d2ei)
        ;; First, find library in the load-path.
        (setq library-name (locate-library library))
        (if (not library-name)
            (error "Cannot find library %s in load-path" library))
        ;; And then set image-directory relative to that.
        (setq
         ;; Go down 2 levels.
         d2ei (file-name-as-directory
               (expand-file-name
                (concat (file-name-directory library-name) "../../etc/images")))
         ;; Go down 1 level.
         d1ei (file-name-as-directory
               (expand-file-name
                (concat (file-name-directory library-name) "../etc/images"))))
        (setq image-directory
              ;; Set it to nil if image is not found.
              (cond ((file-exists-p (expand-file-name image d2ei)) d2ei)
                    ((file-exists-p (expand-file-name image d1ei)) d1ei)))))
     ;; Use Emacs's image directory.
     (image-directory-load-path
      (setq image-directory image-directory-load-path))
     (no-error
      (message "Could not find image %s for library %s" image library))
     (t
      (error "Could not find image %s for library %s" image library)))

    ;; Return an augmented `path' or `load-path'.
    (nconc (list image-directory)
           (delete image-directory (copy-sequence (or path load-path))))))


;; Used to be in image-type-header-regexps, but now not used anywhere
;; (since 2009-08-28).
(defun image-jpeg-p (data)
  "Value is non-nil if DATA, a string, consists of JFIF image data.
We accept the tag Exif because that is the same format."
  (declare (obsolete "It is unused inside Emacs and will be removed." "27.1"))
  (setq data (ignore-errors (string-to-unibyte data)))
  (when (and data (string-match-p "\\`\xff\xd8" data))
    (catch 'jfif
      (let ((len (length data)) (i 2))
	(while (< i len)
	  (when (/= (aref data i) #xff)
	    (throw 'jfif nil))
	  (setq i (1+ i))
	  (when (>= (+ i 2) len)
	    (throw 'jfif nil))
	  (let ((nbytes (+ (ash (aref data (+ i 1)) 8)
			   (aref data (+ i 2))))
		(code (aref data i)))
	    (when (and (>= code #xe0) (<= code #xef))
	      ;; APP0 LEN1 LEN2 "JFIF\0"
	      (throw 'jfif
		     (string-match-p "JFIF\\|Exif"
				     (substring data i (min (+ i nbytes) len)))))
	    (setq i (+ i 1 nbytes))))))))


;;;###autoload
(defun image-type-from-data (data)
  "Determine the image type from image data DATA.
Value is a symbol specifying the image type or nil if type cannot
be determined."
  (let ((types image-type-header-regexps)
	type)
    (while types
      (let ((regexp (car (car types)))
	    (image-type (cdr (car types))))
	(if (or (and (symbolp image-type)
		     (string-match-p regexp data))
		(and (consp image-type)
		     (funcall (car image-type) data)
		     (setq image-type (cdr image-type))))
	    (setq type image-type
		  types nil)
	  (setq types (cdr types)))))
    type))


;;;###autoload
(defun image-type-from-buffer ()
  "Determine the image type from data in the current buffer.
Value is a symbol specifying the image type or nil if type cannot
be determined."
  (let ((types image-type-header-regexps)
	type
	(opoint (point)))
    (goto-char (point-min))
    (while types
      (let ((regexp (car (car types)))
	    (image-type (cdr (car types)))
	    data)
	(if (or (and (symbolp image-type)
		     (looking-at-p regexp))
		(and (consp image-type)
		     (funcall (car image-type)
			      (or data
				  (setq data
					(buffer-substring
					 (point-min)
					 (min (point-max)
					      (+ (point-min) 8192))))))
		     (setq image-type (cdr image-type))))
	    (setq type image-type
		  types nil)
	  (setq types (cdr types)))))
    (goto-char opoint)
    (and type
	 (boundp 'image-types)
	 (memq type image-types)
	 type)))


;;;###autoload
(defun image-type-from-file-header (file)
  "Determine the type of image file FILE from its first few bytes.
Value is a symbol specifying the image type, or nil if type cannot
be determined."
  (unless (or (file-readable-p file)
	      (file-name-absolute-p file))
    (setq file (image-search-load-path file)))
  (and file
       (file-readable-p file)
       (with-temp-buffer
	 (set-buffer-multibyte nil)
	 (insert-file-contents-literally file nil 0 8192)
	 (image-type-from-buffer))))


;;;###autoload
(defun image-type-from-file-name (file)
  "Determine the type of image file FILE from its name.
Value is a symbol specifying the image type, or nil if type cannot
be determined."
  (let (type first (case-fold-search t))
    (catch 'found
      (dolist (elem image-type-file-name-regexps first)
	(when (string-match-p (car elem) file)
	  (if (image-type-available-p (setq type (cdr elem)))
	      (throw 'found type)
	    ;; If nothing seems to be supported, return first type that matched.
	    (or first (setq first type))))))))

(declare-function image-convert-p "image-converter.el"
                  (source &optional image-format))
(declare-function image-convert "image-converter.el"
                  (image &optional image-format))

;;;###autoload
(defun image-type (source &optional type data-p)
  "Determine and return image type.
SOURCE is an image file name or image data.
Optional TYPE is a symbol describing the image type.  If TYPE is omitted
or nil, try to determine the image type from its first few bytes
of image data.  If that doesn't work, and SOURCE is a file name,
use its file extension as image type.

Optional DATA-P non-nil means SOURCE is a string containing image
data.  If DATA-P is a symbol with a name on the format
`image/jpeg', that may be used as a hint to determine the image
type if we can't otherwise guess it."
  (when (and (not data-p) (not (stringp source)))
    (error "Invalid image file name `%s'" source))
  (unless type
    (setq type (if data-p
		   (or (image-type-from-data source)
                       (and image-use-external-converter
                            (progn
                              (require 'image-converter)
                              (image-convert-p source data-p))))
		 (or (image-type-from-file-header source)
		     (image-type-from-file-name source)
                     (and image-use-external-converter
                          (progn
                            (require 'image-converter)
                            (image-convert-p source))))))
    (unless type
      (signal 'unknown-image-type "Cannot determine image type")))
  (when (and (not (eq type 'image-convert))
             (not (memq type (and (boundp 'image-types) image-types))))
    (error "Invalid image type `%s'" type))
  type)


(if (fboundp 'image-metadata)           ; eg not --without-x
    (define-obsolete-function-alias 'image-extension-data
      'image-metadata "24.1"))

(define-obsolete-variable-alias
    'image-library-alist
    'dynamic-library-alist "24.1")

;;;###autoload
(defun image-type-available-p (type)
  "Return t if image type TYPE is available.
Image types are symbols like `xbm' or `jpeg'."
  (and (fboundp 'init-image-library)
       (init-image-library type)))


;;;###autoload
(defun image-type-auto-detected-p ()
  "Return t if the current buffer contains an auto-detectable image.
This function is intended to be used from `magic-fallback-mode-alist'.

The buffer is considered to contain an auto-detectable image if
its beginning matches an image type in `image-type-header-regexps',
and that image type is present in `image-type-auto-detectable' with a
non-nil value.  If that value is non-nil, but not t, then the image type
must be available."
  (let* ((type (image-type-from-buffer))
	 (auto (and type (cdr (assq type image-type-auto-detectable)))))
    (and auto
	 (or (eq auto t) (image-type-available-p type)))))


;;;###autoload
(defun create-image (file-or-data &optional type data-p &rest props)
  "Create an image.
FILE-OR-DATA is an image file name or image data.

Optional TYPE is a symbol describing the image type.  If TYPE is omitted
or nil, try to determine the image type from its first few bytes
of image data.  If that doesn't work, and FILE-OR-DATA is a file name,
use its file extension as image type.

Optional DATA-P non-nil means FILE-OR-DATA is a string containing image data.

Optional PROPS are additional image attributes to assign to the image,
like, e.g. `:mask MASK'.  If the property `:scale' is not given and the
display has a high resolution (more exactly, when the average width of a
character in the default font is more than 10 pixels), the image is
automatically scaled up in proportion to the default font.

Value is the image created, or nil if images of type TYPE are not supported.

Images should not be larger than specified by `max-image-size'.

Image file names that are not absolute are searched for in the
\"images\" sub-directory of `data-directory' and
`x-bitmap-file-path' (in that order)."
  (let ((data-format
         ;; Pass the image format, if any, if this is data.
         (and data-p (or (plist-get props :format) t))))
    ;; It is x_find_image_file in image.c that sets the search path.
    (setq type (ignore-error unknown-image-type
                 (image-type file-or-data type data-format)))
    ;; If we have external image conversion switched on (for exotic,
    ;; non-native image formats), then we convert the file.
    (when (eq type 'image-convert)
      (require 'image-converter)
      (setq file-or-data (image-convert file-or-data data-format)
            type 'png
            data-p t)))
  (when (image-type-available-p type)
    (let ((image
           (append (list 'image :type type (if data-p :data :file)
                         file-or-data)
                   (and (not (plist-get props :scale))
                        ;; Add default scaling.
                        (list :scale
                              (image-compute-scaling-factor
                               image-scaling-factor)))
	           props)))
      ;; Add default smoothing.
      (unless (plist-member props :transform-smoothing)
        (setq image (nconc image
                           (list :transform-smoothing
                                 (pcase image-transform-smoothing
                                   ('t t)
                                   ('nil nil)
                                   (func (funcall func image)))))))
      image)))

(defun image--default-smoothing (image)
  "Say whether IMAGE should be smoothed when transformed."
  (let* ((props (nthcdr 5 image))
         (scaling (plist-get props :scale))
         (rotation (plist-get props :rotation)))
    (cond
     ;; We always smooth when scaling down and small upwards scaling.
     ((and scaling (< scaling 2))
      t)
     ;; Smooth when doing non-90-degree rotation
     ((and rotation
           (or (not (zerop (mod rotation 1)))
               (not (zerop (% (truncate rotation) 90)))))
      t)
     (t nil))))

(defun image--set-property (image property value)
  "Set PROPERTY in IMAGE to VALUE.
Internal use only."
  (if (null value)
      (while (cdr image)
        ;; IMAGE starts with the symbol `image', and the rest is a
        ;; plist.  Decouple plist entries where the key matches
        ;; the property.
        (if (eq (cadr image) property)
            (setcdr image (cdddr image))
          (setq image (cddr image))))
    ;; Just enter the new value.
    (setcdr image (plist-put (cdr image) property value)))
  value)

(defun image-property (image property)
  "Return the value of PROPERTY in IMAGE.
Properties can be set with

  (setf (image-property IMAGE PROPERTY) VALUE)
If VALUE is nil, PROPERTY is removed from IMAGE."
  (declare (gv-setter image--set-property))
  (plist-get (cdr image) property))

(defun image-compute-scaling-factor (scaling)
  (cond
   ((numberp scaling) scaling)
   ((eq scaling 'auto)
    (let ((width (/ (float (window-width nil t)) (window-width))))
      ;; We should scale all images according to how wide they are.
      ;; But don't scale images down.
      (if (< width (frame-char-width))
          1
        (/ (float width) (frame-char-width)))))
   (t
    (error "Invalid scaling factor %s" scaling))))

;;;###autoload
(defun put-image (image pos &optional string area)
  "Put image IMAGE in front of POS in the current buffer.
IMAGE must be an image created with `create-image' or `defimage'.
IMAGE is displayed by putting an overlay into the current buffer with a
`before-string' STRING that has a `display' property whose value is the
image.  STRING is defaulted if you omit it.
The overlay created will have the `put-image' property set to t.
POS may be an integer or marker.
AREA is where to display the image.  AREA nil or omitted means
display it in the text area, a value of `left-margin' means
display it in the left marginal area, a value of `right-margin'
means display it in the right marginal area."
  (unless string (setq string "x"))
  (let ((buffer (current-buffer)))
    (unless (eq (car-safe image) 'image)
      (error "Not an image: %s" image))
    (unless (or (null area) (memq area '(left-margin right-margin)))
      (error "Invalid area %s" area))
    (setq string (copy-sequence string))
    (let ((overlay (make-overlay pos pos buffer))
	  (prop (if (null area) image (list (list 'margin area) image))))
      (put-text-property 0 (length string) 'display prop string)
      (overlay-put overlay 'put-image t)
      (overlay-put overlay 'before-string string)
      (overlay-put overlay 'map image-map)
      overlay)))


;;;###autoload
(defun insert-image (image &optional string area slice)
  "Insert IMAGE into current buffer at point.
IMAGE is displayed by inserting STRING into the current buffer
with a `display' property whose value is the image.

STRING defaults to a single space if you omit it, which means
that the inserted image will behave as whitespace syntactically.

AREA is where to display the image.  AREA nil or omitted means
display it in the text area, a value of `left-margin' means
display it in the left marginal area, a value of `right-margin'
means display it in the right marginal area.

SLICE specifies slice of IMAGE to insert.  SLICE nil or omitted
means insert whole image.  SLICE is a list (X Y WIDTH HEIGHT)
specifying the X and Y positions and WIDTH and HEIGHT of image area
to insert.  A float value 0.0 - 1.0 means relative to the width or
height of the image; integer values are taken as pixel values."
  ;; Use a space as least likely to cause trouble when it's a hidden
  ;; character in the buffer.
  (unless string (setq string " "))
  (unless (eq (car-safe image) 'image)
    (error "Not an image: %s" image))
  (unless (or (null area) (memq area '(left-margin right-margin)))
    (error "Invalid area %s" area))
  (if area
      (setq image (list (list 'margin area) image))
    ;; Cons up a new spec equal but not eq to `image' so that
    ;; inserting it twice in a row (adjacently) displays two copies of
    ;; the image.  Don't try to avoid this by looking at the display
    ;; properties on either side so that we DTRT more often with
    ;; cut-and-paste.  (Yanking killed image text next to another copy
    ;; of it loses anyway.)
    (setq image (cons 'image (cdr image))))
  (let ((start (point)))
    (insert string)
    (add-text-properties start (point)
			 `(display ,(if slice
					(list (cons 'slice slice) image)
				      image)
                                   rear-nonsticky t
                                   keymap ,image-map))))


;;;###autoload
(defun insert-sliced-image (image &optional string area rows cols)
  "Insert IMAGE into current buffer at point.
IMAGE is displayed by inserting STRING into the current buffer
with a `display' property whose value is the image.  The default
STRING is a single space.
AREA is where to display the image.  AREA nil or omitted means
display it in the text area, a value of `left-margin' means
display it in the left marginal area, a value of `right-margin'
means display it in the right marginal area.
The image is automatically split into ROWS x COLS slices."
  (unless string (setq string " "))
  (unless (eq (car-safe image) 'image)
    (error "Not an image: %s" image))
  (unless (or (null area) (memq area '(left-margin right-margin)))
    (error "Invalid area %s" area))
  (if area
      (setq image (list (list 'margin area) image))
    ;; Cons up a new spec equal but not eq to `image' so that
    ;; inserting it twice in a row (adjacently) displays two copies of
    ;; the image.  Don't try to avoid this by looking at the display
    ;; properties on either side so that we DTRT more often with
    ;; cut-and-paste.  (Yanking killed image text next to another copy
    ;; of it loses anyway.)
    (setq image (cons 'image (cdr image))))
  (let ((x 0.0) (dx (/ 1.0001 (or cols 1)))
	 (y 0.0) (dy (/ 1.0001 (or rows 1))))
    (while (< y 1.0)
      (while (< x 1.0)
	(let ((start (point)))
	  (insert string)
	  (add-text-properties start (point)
			       `(display ,(list (list 'slice x y dx dy) image)
					 rear-nonsticky (display)
                                         keymap ,image-map))
	  (setq x (+ x dx))))
      (setq x 0.0
	    y (+ y dy))
      (insert (propertize "\n" 'line-height t)))))



;;;###autoload
(defun remove-images (start end &optional buffer)
  "Remove images between START and END in BUFFER.
Remove only images that were put in BUFFER with calls to `put-image'.
BUFFER nil or omitted means use the current buffer."
  (unless buffer
    (setq buffer (current-buffer)))
  (let ((overlays (overlays-in start end)))
    (while overlays
      (let ((overlay (car overlays)))
	(when (overlay-get overlay 'put-image)
	  (delete-overlay overlay)))
      (setq overlays (cdr overlays)))))

(defun image-search-load-path (file &optional path)
  (unless path
    (setq path image-load-path))
  (let (element found filename)
    (while (and (not found) (consp path))
      (setq element (car path))
      (cond
       ((stringp element)
	(setq found
	      (file-readable-p
	       (setq filename (expand-file-name file element)))))
       ((and (symbolp element) (boundp element))
	(setq element (symbol-value element))
	(cond
	 ((stringp element)
	  (setq found
		(file-readable-p
		 (setq filename (expand-file-name file element)))))
	 ((consp element)
	  (if (setq filename (image-search-load-path file element))
	      (setq found t))))))
      (setq path (cdr path)))
    (if found filename)))

(defvar find-image--cache (make-hash-table :test #'equal))

;;;###autoload
(defun find-image (specs &optional cache)
  "Find an image, choosing one of a list of image specifications.

SPECS is a list of image specifications.

Each image specification in SPECS is a property list.  The contents of
a specification are image type dependent.  All specifications must at
least contain the properties `:type TYPE' and either `:file FILE' or
`:data DATA', where TYPE is a symbol specifying the image type,
e.g. `xbm', FILE is the file to load the image from, and DATA is a
string containing the actual image data.  The specification whose TYPE
is supported, and FILE exists, is used to construct the image
specification to be returned.  Return nil if no specification is
satisfied.

If CACHE is non-nil, results are cached and returned on subsequent calls.

The image is looked for in `image-load-path'.

Image files should not be larger than specified by `max-image-size'."
  (or (and cache
           (gethash specs find-image--cache))
      (let ((orig-specs specs)
            image)
        (while (and specs (null image))
          (let* ((spec (car specs))
	         (type (plist-get spec :type))
	         (data (plist-get spec :data))
	         (file (plist-get spec :file))
	         found)
	    (when (image-type-available-p type)
	      (cond ((stringp file)
		     (if (setq found (image-search-load-path file))
		         (setq image
			       (cons 'image (plist-put (copy-sequence spec)
						       :file found)))))
		    ((not (null data))
		     (setq image (cons 'image spec)))))
	    (setq specs (cdr specs))))
        (when cache
          (setf (gethash orig-specs find-image--cache) image))
        image)))


;;;###autoload
(defmacro defimage (symbol specs &optional doc)
  "Define SYMBOL as an image, and return SYMBOL.

SPECS is a list of image specifications.  DOC is an optional
documentation string.

Each image specification in SPECS is a property list.  The contents of
a specification are image type dependent.  All specifications must at
least contain the properties `:type TYPE' and either `:file FILE' or
`:data DATA', where TYPE is a symbol specifying the image type,
e.g. `xbm', FILE is the file to load the image from, and DATA is a
string containing the actual image data.  The first image
specification whose TYPE is supported, and FILE exists, is used to
define SYMBOL.

Example:

   (defimage test-image ((:type xpm :file \"~/test1.xpm\")
                         (:type xbm :file \"~/test1.xbm\")))"
  (declare (doc-string 3))
  `(defvar ,symbol (find-image ',specs) ,doc))

\f
;;; Animated image API

(defvar image-default-frame-delay 0.1
  "Default interval in seconds between frames of a multi-frame image.
Only used if the image does not specify a value.")

(defun image-multi-frame-p (image)
  "Return non-nil if IMAGE contains more than one frame.
The actual return value is a cons (NIMAGES . DELAY), where NIMAGES is
the number of frames (or sub-images) in the image and DELAY is the delay
in seconds that the image specifies between each frame.  DELAY may be nil,
in which case you might want to use `image-default-frame-delay'."
  (when (fboundp 'image-metadata)
    (let* ((metadata (image-metadata image))
	   (images (plist-get metadata 'count))
	   (delay (plist-get metadata 'delay)))
      (when (and images (> images 1))
	(and delay (or (not (numberp delay)) (< delay 0))
	     (setq delay image-default-frame-delay))
	(cons images delay)))))

(defun image-animated-p (image)
  "Like `image-multi-frame-p', but returns nil if no delay is specified."
  (let ((multi (image-multi-frame-p image)))
    (and (cdr multi) multi)))

(make-obsolete 'image-animated-p 'image-multi-frame-p "24.4")

;; "Destructively"?
(defun image-animate (image &optional index limit)
  "Start animating IMAGE.
Animation occurs by destructively altering the IMAGE spec list.

With optional INDEX, begin animating from that animation frame.
LIMIT specifies how long to animate the image.  If omitted or
nil, play the animation until the end.  If t, loop forever.  If a
number, play until that number of seconds has elapsed."
  (let ((animation (image-multi-frame-p image))
	timer)
    (when animation
      (if (setq timer (image-animate-timer image))
	  (cancel-timer timer))
      (plist-put (cdr image) :animate-buffer (current-buffer))
      (plist-put (cdr image) :animate-tardiness 0)
      (run-with-timer 0.2 nil #'image-animate-timeout
		      image (or index 0) (car animation)
		      0 limit (+ (float-time) 0.2)))))

(defun image-animate-timer (image)
  "Return the animation timer for image IMAGE."
  ;; See cancel-function-timers
  (let ((tail timer-list) timer)
    (while tail
      (setq timer (car tail)
	    tail (cdr tail))
      (if (and (eq (timer--function timer) #'image-animate-timeout)
	       (eq (car-safe (timer--args timer)) image))
	  (setq tail nil)
	(setq timer nil)))
    timer))

(defconst image-minimum-frame-delay 0.01
  "Minimum interval in seconds between frames of an animated image.")

(defun image-current-frame (image)
  "The current frame number of IMAGE, indexed from 0."
  (or (plist-get (cdr image) :index) 0))

(defun image-show-frame (image n &optional nocheck)
  "Show frame N of IMAGE.
Frames are indexed from 0.  Optional argument NOCHECK non-nil means
do not check N is within the range of frames present in the image."
  (unless nocheck
    (if (< n 0) (setq n 0)
      (setq n (min n (1- (car (image-multi-frame-p image)))))))
  (plist-put (cdr image) :index n)
  (force-window-update))

(defun image-animate-get-speed (image)
  "Return the speed factor for animating IMAGE."
  (or (plist-get (cdr image) :speed) 1))

(defun image-animate-set-speed (image value &optional multiply)
  "Set the speed factor for animating IMAGE to VALUE.
With optional argument MULTIPLY non-nil, treat VALUE as a
multiplication factor for the current value."
  (plist-put (cdr image) :speed
	     (if multiply
		 (* value (image-animate-get-speed image))
	       value)))

;; FIXME? The delay may not be the same for different sub-images,
;; hence we need to call image-multi-frame-p to return it.
;; But it also returns count, so why do we bother passing that as an
;; argument?
(defun image-animate-timeout (image n count time-elapsed limit target-time)
  "Display animation frame N of IMAGE.
N=0 refers to the initial animation frame.
COUNT is the total number of frames in the animation.
TIME-ELAPSED is the total time that has elapsed since
`image-animate' was called.
LIMIT determines when to stop.  If t, loop forever.  If nil, stop
 after displaying the last animation frame.  Otherwise, stop
 after LIMIT seconds have elapsed.
The minimum delay between successive frames is `image-minimum-frame-delay'.

If the image has a non-nil :speed property, it acts as a multiplier
for the animation speed.  A negative value means to animate in reverse."
  ;; We keep track of "how late" image frames arrive.  We decay the
  ;; previous cumulative value by 10% and then add the current delay.
  (plist-put (cdr image) :animate-tardiness
             (+ (* (plist-get (cdr image) :animate-tardiness) 0.9)
                (float-time (time-since target-time))))
  (when (and (buffer-live-p (plist-get (cdr image) :animate-buffer))
             ;; Cumulatively delayed two seconds more than expected.
             (or (< (plist-get (cdr image) :animate-tardiness) 2)
		 (progn
		   (message "Stopping animation; animation possibly too big")
		   nil)))
    (image-show-frame image n t)
    (let* ((speed (image-animate-get-speed image))
	   (time (current-time))
	   (animation (image-multi-frame-p image))
	   (time-to-load-image (time-since time))
	   (stated-delay-time (/ (or (cdr animation)
				     image-default-frame-delay)
				 (float (abs speed))))
	   ;; Subtract off the time we took to load the image from the
	   ;; stated delay time.
	   (delay (max (float-time (time-subtract stated-delay-time
						  time-to-load-image))
		       image-minimum-frame-delay))
	   done)
      (setq n (if (< speed 0)
		  (1- n)
		(1+ n)))
      (if limit
	  (cond ((>= n count) (setq n 0))
		((< n 0) (setq n (1- count))))
	(and (or (>= n count) (< n 0)) (setq done t)))
      (setq time-elapsed (+ delay time-elapsed))
      (if (numberp limit)
	  (setq done (>= time-elapsed limit)))
      (unless done
	(run-with-timer delay nil #'image-animate-timeout
			image n count time-elapsed limit
                        (+ (float-time) delay))))))

\f
(defvar imagemagick-types-inhibit)
(defvar imagemagick-enabled-types)

(defun imagemagick-filter-types ()
  "Return a list of the ImageMagick types to be treated as images, or nil.
This is the result of `imagemagick-types', including only elements
that match `imagemagick-enabled-types' and do not match
`imagemagick-types-inhibit'."
  (when (fboundp 'imagemagick-types)
    (cond ((null imagemagick-enabled-types) nil)
	  ((eq imagemagick-types-inhibit t) nil)
	  (t
	   (delq nil
		 (mapcar
		  (lambda (type)
		    (unless (memq type imagemagick-types-inhibit)
		      (if (eq imagemagick-enabled-types t) type
			(catch 'found
			  (dolist (enable imagemagick-enabled-types nil)
			    (if (cond ((symbolp enable) (eq enable type))
				      ((stringp enable)
				       (string-match enable
						     (symbol-name type))))
				(throw 'found type)))))))
		  (imagemagick-types)))))))

(defvar imagemagick--file-regexp nil
  "File extension regexp for ImageMagick files, if any.
This is the extension installed into `auto-mode-alist' and
`image-type-file-name-regexps' by `imagemagick-register-types'.")

;;;###autoload
(defun imagemagick-register-types ()
  "Register file types that can be handled by ImageMagick.
This function is called at startup, after loading the init file.
It registers the ImageMagick types returned by `imagemagick-filter-types'.

Registered image types are added to `auto-mode-alist', so that
Emacs visits them in Image mode.  They are also added to
`image-type-file-name-regexps', so that the `image-type' function
recognizes these files as having image type `imagemagick'.

If Emacs is compiled without ImageMagick support, this does nothing."
  (when (fboundp 'imagemagick-types)
    (let* ((types (mapcar (lambda (type) (downcase (symbol-name type)))
			  (imagemagick-filter-types)))
	   (re (if types (concat "\\." (regexp-opt types) "\\'")))
	   (ama-elt (car (member (cons imagemagick--file-regexp 'image-mode)
				 auto-mode-alist)))
	   (itfnr-elt (car (member (cons imagemagick--file-regexp 'imagemagick)
				   image-type-file-name-regexps))))
      (if (not re)
	  (setq auto-mode-alist (delete ama-elt auto-mode-alist)
		image-type-file-name-regexps
		(delete itfnr-elt image-type-file-name-regexps))
	(if ama-elt
	    (setcar ama-elt re)
	  (push (cons re 'image-mode) auto-mode-alist))
	(if itfnr-elt
	    (setcar itfnr-elt re)
	  ;; Append to `image-type-file-name-regexps', so that we
	  ;; preferentially use specialized image libraries.
	  (add-to-list 'image-type-file-name-regexps
	  	       (cons re 'imagemagick) t)))
      (setq imagemagick--file-regexp re))))

(defcustom imagemagick-types-inhibit
  '(C HTML HTM INFO M TXT PDF)
  "List of ImageMagick types that should never be treated as images.
This should be a list of symbols, each of which should be one of
the ImageMagick types listed by `imagemagick-types'.  The listed
image types are not registered by `imagemagick-register-types'.

If the value is t, inhibit the use of ImageMagick for images.

If you change this without using customize, you must call
`imagemagick-register-types' afterwards.

If Emacs is compiled without ImageMagick support, this variable
has no effect."
  :type '(choice (const :tag "Support all ImageMagick types" nil)
		 (const :tag "Disable all ImageMagick types" t)
		 (repeat symbol))
  :initialize #'custom-initialize-default
  :set (lambda (symbol value)
	 (set-default symbol value)
	 (imagemagick-register-types))
  :version "24.3")

(defcustom imagemagick-enabled-types
  '(3FR ARW AVS BMP BMP2 BMP3 CAL CALS CMYK CMYKA CR2 CRW
    CUR CUT DCM DCR DCX DDS DJVU DNG DPX EXR FAX FITS GBR GIF
    GIF87 GRB HRZ ICB ICO ICON J2C JNG JP2 JPC JPEG JPG JPX K25
    KDC MIFF MNG MRW MSL MSVG MTV NEF ORF OTB PBM PCD PCDS PCL
    PCT PCX PDB PEF PGM PICT PIX PJPEG PNG PNG24 PNG32 PNG8 PNM
    PPM PSD PTIF PWP RAF RAS RBG RGB RGBA RGBO RLA RLE SCR SCT
    SFW SGI SR2 SRF SUN SVG SVGZ TGA TIFF TIFF64 TILE TIM TTF
    UYVY VDA VICAR VID VIFF VST WBMP WPG X3F XBM XC XCF XPM XV
    XWD YCbCr YCbCrA YUV)
  "List of ImageMagick types to treat as images.
Each list element should be a string or symbol, representing one
of the image types returned by `imagemagick-types'.  If the
element is a string, it is handled as a regexp that enables all
matching types.

The value of `imagemagick-enabled-types' may also be t, meaning
to enable all types that ImageMagick supports.

The variable `imagemagick-types-inhibit' overrides this variable.

If you change this without using customize, you must call
`imagemagick-register-types' afterwards.

If Emacs is compiled without ImageMagick support, this variable
has no effect."
  :type '(choice (const :tag "Support all ImageMagick types" t)
		 (const :tag "Disable all ImageMagick types" nil)
		 (repeat :tag "List of types"
			 (choice (symbol :tag "type")
				 (regexp :tag "regexp"))))
  :initialize #'custom-initialize-default
  :set (lambda (symbol value)
	 (set-default symbol value)
	 (imagemagick-register-types))
  :version "26.2")                      ; remove ART (bug#22289)

(imagemagick-register-types)

(defun image-increase-size (&optional n position)
  "Increase the image size by a factor of N.
If N is 3, then the image size will be increased by 30%.  The
default is 20%."
  (interactive "P")
  ;; Wait for a bit of idle-time before actually performing the change,
  ;; so as to batch together sequences of closely consecutive size changes.
  ;; `image--change-size' just changes one value in a plist.  The actual
  ;; image resizing happens later during redisplay.  So if those
  ;; consecutive calls happen without any redisplay between them,
  ;; the costly operation of image resizing should happen only once.
  (run-with-idle-timer 0.3 nil
                       #'image--change-size
                       (if n
                           (1+ (/ (prefix-numeric-value n) 10.0))
                         1.2)
                       position))

(defun image-decrease-size (&optional n position)
  "Decrease the image size by a factor of N.
If N is 3, then the image size will be decreased by 30%.  The
default is 20%."
  (interactive "P")
  ;; Wait for a bit of idle-time before actually performing the change,
  ;; so as to batch together sequences of closely consecutive size changes.
  ;; `image--change-size' just changes one value in a plist.  The actual
  ;; image resizing happens later during redisplay.  So if those
  ;; consecutive calls happen without any redisplay between them,
  ;; the costly operation of image resizing should happen only once.
  (run-with-idle-timer 0.3 nil
                       #'image--change-size
                       (if n
                           (- 1 (/ (prefix-numeric-value n) 10.0))
                         0.8)
                       position))

(defun image-mouse-increase-size (&optional event)
  "Increase the image size using the mouse."
  (interactive "e")
  (when (listp event)
    (save-window-excursion
      (posn-set-point (event-start event))
      (image-increase-size nil (point-marker)))))

(defun image-mouse-decrease-size (&optional event)
  "Decrease the image size using the mouse."
  (interactive "e")
  (when (listp event)
    (save-window-excursion
      (posn-set-point (event-start event))
      (image-decrease-size nil (point-marker)))))

(defun image--get-image (&optional position)
  "Return the image at point."
  (let ((image (get-char-property (or position (point)) 'display
                                  (when (markerp position)
                                    (marker-buffer position)))))
    (unless (eq (car-safe image) 'image)
      (error "No image under point"))
    image))

(defun image--get-imagemagick-and-warn (&optional position)
  (declare-function image-transforms-p "image.c" (&optional frame))
  (unless (or (fboundp 'imagemagick-types) (image-transforms-p))
    (error "Cannot rescale images on this terminal"))
  (let ((image (image--get-image position)))
    (image-flush image)
    (when (and (fboundp 'imagemagick-types)
               (not (image-transforms-p)))
      (plist-put (cdr image) :type 'imagemagick))
    image))

(defun image--change-size (factor &optional position)
  (let* ((image (image--get-imagemagick-and-warn position))
         (new-image (image--image-without-parameters image))
         (scale (image--current-scaling image new-image)))
    (setcdr image (cdr new-image))
    (plist-put (cdr image) :scale (* scale factor))))

(defun image--image-without-parameters (image)
  (cons (pop image)
        (let ((new nil))
          (while image
            (let ((key (pop image))
                  (val (pop image)))
              (unless (memq key '(:scale :width :height :max-width :max-height))
              (setq new (nconc new (list key val))))))
          new)))

(declare-function image-size "image.c" (spec &optional pixels frame))

(defun image--current-scaling (image new-image)
  ;; The image may be scaled due to many reasons (:scale, :max-width,
  ;; etc), so find out what the current scaling is based on the
  ;; original image size and the displayed size.
  (let ((image-width (car (image-size new-image t)))
        (display-width (car (image-size image t))))
    (/ (float display-width) image-width)))

(defun image-rotate (&optional angle)
  "Rotate the image under point by ANGLE degrees clockwise.
If nil, ANGLE defaults to 90.  Interactively, rotate the image 90
degrees clockwise with no prefix argument, and counter-clockwise
with a prefix argument.  Note that most image types support
rotations by only multiples of 90 degrees."
  (interactive (and current-prefix-arg '(-90)))
  (let ((image (image--get-imagemagick-and-warn)))
    (setf (image-property image :rotation)
          (float (mod (+ (or (image-property image :rotation) 0)
                         (or angle 90))
                      ;; We don't want to exceed 360 degrees rotation,
                      ;; because it's not seen as valid in Exif data.
                      360)))))

(defun image-save ()
  "Save the image under point."
  (interactive)
  (let ((image (image--get-image)))
    (with-temp-buffer
      (let ((file (plist-get (cdr image) :file)))
        (if file
            (if (not (file-exists-p file))
                (error "File %s no longer exists" file)
              (insert-file-contents-literally file))
          (insert (plist-get (cdr image) :data))))
      (write-region (point-min) (point-max)
                    (read-file-name "Write image to file: ")))))

(provide 'image)

;;; image.el ends here
debug log:

solving 8a9cfec841 ...
found 8a9cfec841 in https://yhetil.org/emacs-devel/87eeeoopnt.fsf@gmail.com/
found 610d020aab in https://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/emacs.git
preparing index
index prepared:
100644 610d020aab5173358b60fe36312a25f201653a7e	lisp/image.el

applying [1/1] https://yhetil.org/emacs-devel/87eeeoopnt.fsf@gmail.com/
diff --git a/lisp/image.el b/lisp/image.el
index 610d020aab..8a9cfec841 100644

Checking patch lisp/image.el...
Applied patch lisp/image.el cleanly.

index at:
100644 8a9cfec841facd4a4abc06895a6f9c15884c8de0	lisp/image.el

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